The United States Media consists of a number of different communication mediums such as the television, the radio, the cinema, the newspapers, magazines, and Internet based websites. No other country has a strong system for the legal protection for freedom of the press like the United States does. The US Constitution provides for the guarantee of press freedom and freedom of speech under the First Amendment.
The foundation of American democracy has been a free and independent media that has protection from an independent court system. The rights of the press have definitely come under pressure many times in the history of America. Rulings from the independent courts have however continued to repeatedly uphold and expand media rights thus giving journalists and the press at large complete freedom from state control.
The courts have also enabled an environment of freedom to exist for the American press in that they enjoy comprehensive protection from libel and deformation suits. Should they make any commentary on public figures, their media rights are thus protected. Nevertheless, libel is a criminal offense in most States in the United States.
In most states, laws exist that provide limited protection for anyone in the press so that they do not have to disclose their sources or any other information during the course of their work. In recent years, disputes have come up about cases involving bloggers and other media professionals claiming protection and media rights. Media coverage for most political issues has continued to remain quite aggressive and generally nonpartisan.
Attacks on press personnel are few and far between although during the Occupy Protests, some members of the press were subjected to injury. This occurred when there were classes between the police and the protesters. Police were liable for the injuries although there are occasions when Occupy protesters started the attacks.
The media in the United States is generally under private ownership although there is National Public Radio and the Public Broadcasting Service. Both are funded through both government allocation and private funding. There have been situations when The Federal Communications Commission has had to step in to issue fines when some radios and televisions that have been charged with indecency.
The media rights and press freedom in the United States has continued to impact on democracy. This is because press freedom is compatible with democracy and where there is freedom for the press, there is most likely to be democracy. The media law was designed specifically with the intention of protecting media rights
When anyone in the media is threatened or their constitutional rights are violated, they can seek legal redress in the courts of law. This is specifically in connection to their legal rights to freedom of speech and expression. Many experienced media law litigants are available to help defend such media rights.